Bad Faith Essay, Research Paper
& # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; No destiny, no bad fortune, no alibis, merely adult male, his picks, and the state of affairs in which he finds himself & # 8230 ; & # 8221 ;
The constructs of being and human freedom have been presented by Jean-Paul Sartre in his book entitled Being and Nothingness. However, Sartre besides presents other related constructs, such as bad religion which has been referred to as a device that protects us from the torment of recognizing that we are freer than we like to believe we are. Analyzing his illustrations and my ain, Sartre? s bad religion theory will hopefully be illumined and broken down. He believes bad religion is to non admit one? s right to do picks and be more than what you are. His position nevertheless is flawed in its complexness, there are loopholes and regulations that should non be at that place, his stereotypes are excessively well-defined. But before diging into bad religion I would wish to give some background on several of the doctrines I found while reading his book.
In his early philosophic work & # 8212 ; Being and Nothingness & # 8212 ; Sartre conceived worlds as existences who create their ain universe by arising against authorization and by accepting personal duty for their actions ; unaided by society, traditional morality, or spiritual religion. Distinguishing between human being and the non-human universe, he maintained that human being is characterized by void, that is, by the capacity to contradict and arise. By separating between two things, you create this thought of void. His theory of experiential depth psychology asserted the ineluctable duty of all persons for their ain determinations and made the acknowledgment of one & # 8217 ; s absolute freedom of pick the necessary status for reliable human being. This freedom of pick is the root of Sartre? s bad religion theory. To be what you are, to acknowledge what you are? but non merely be that. ? It is best to take and to analyze one determined attitude which is indispensable to human world and determined attitude which is indispensable to human world and which is such that consciousness alternatively of directing its negation outward turns it toward itself. This attitude, it seems to me, is bad religion? ( 87 ) . Therefore, pick is the prototype of Sartre? s bad religion doctrine, and a controversial 1 at that. I agree with his construct of bad religion, but he does take it excessively far in my philosophical sentiment, but I will acquire to that after I introduce Sartre? s point of position.
Let us take for illustration the server in the caf? . ? His motion is speedy and frontward, a small excessively precise, a small excessively rapid? ( 101 ) . Sartre is convinced that the adult male is playing at being a server in a caf? . The server has the responsibilities of being a server: acquiring up early, brushing the caf? , get downing the java pots. Because of these duties, the server takes on a certain character, which truly makes his be
ing a server. In other words, he accepts this duty as a kind of costume that he can non take off. His whole life is affected because of a pick he made that he now lives by. Without recognizing that he is in bad religion and can take to make things otherwise, he is by default non populating in good religion, being free to take how to populate. This instance of the server is decidedly one of Sartre? s more controversial illustrations because the server could finally be in good religion by taking to be a free-minded server who knows he is more than merely a server, while he is working. Peoples take many things for granted ; the clean air in Santa Cruz, or the freedom of pick in any state of affairs.
I became baffled about bad religion when I began to see the person who to the full takes the duty of being a free-minded, pick doing single. Is this individual in bad religion because they are being? good religion? ? To clear up, allow? s make-believe Descartes ( feign Descartes knows of Sartre and his doctrines ) attempts so hard to non be in bad religion that he is the antonym of bad religion, he is by default in bad religion because he is populating a life of nil but good religion. Sartre intimations on this himself, ? We must observe in fact that the undertaking of bad religion must be itself in bad religion. I am non merely in bad religion at the terminal of my attempt when I have constructed my ambidextrous constructs and when I have persuaded myself? ( 112 ) . So, as you can see he does acknowledge that in making his observations and composing about bad religion that he is so in bad religion himself. Ultimately that means that it is non even possible to populate a life in wholly good religion. This is the root of my statement about religion, good or bad, because it is genuinely ineluctable unless possibly you are perchance unconscious or highly drunk.
I am my picks. I can non non take. If I do non take, that is still a pick. If faced with inevitable fortunes, we still take how we are in those fortunes. This truly is the kernel of bad religion. Jean-Paul Sartre dives into the pool of Being? and Nothingness with really articulate and complex sentences, he tries to paint a image of our? being? . Sartre? s doctrine of bad religion is one that genuinely affects each and every person. From the adult female on the day of the month, to the caf? server, even to the over-attentive pupil or the homosexual, bad religion is found riddled throughout every being. bad religion merely means to be guilty of sing oneself non as a free individual but as an object. To be what you are, to acknowledge what you are, but non merely to be that. Populating a life in wholly good religion is about impossible, and this is where I think Sartre? s doctrine falls short since being in bad religion is bad. Cipher wants to be bad, so if we recognize that Sartre isn? t wholly right, so we are all in better religion whether it is in fact true or non.