Foundation Of The Criminal Justice System Criminology Essay

Memphis, TN is a metropolis located in Tennessee Shelby County with a population of 669,691.The metropolis has been ranked in place among the most unsafe American metropoliss with offense runing signifier slaying, colza, car and belongings larceny. However condemnable activity has been on the diminution in the past 5 old ages with the metropolis holding been dropped to place 10 in 2009 from place 4 in the twelvemonth 2005.

While appraising for the most unsafe metropoliss, particular attending was given to violent offenses. Out of the studies carried out in 345 metropoliss around the US, 10 metropoliss ranked high on all sort of violent offense with Memphis metropolis being ranked ten percent in the list. It peculiarly ranks high on assaults, burglary robbery and motor larceny instances. This is shown in the tabular array below ( University of Memphis and the Memphis Shelby Crime Commission, 2010 )

Mephis Police Department -Part I Crime

Offense Type

2006

2007

% Change 2006-07

2008

%

Change

2006- 08

2009

%

Change

2006-2009

2010

%

Change

2009-10

& A ;

Change

2006-10

Murder

89

78

-12.4

79

-11.2

75

-15.7

53

-30.7

-41.6

Forcible Rape

251

236

-6.0

243

-3.2

226

-10.0

230

1.8

-8.4

Robbery

3073

2807

-8.7

2753

-10.4

2573

-16.3

1852

-28.0

-39.7

Aggravated assault

3664

3366

-8.1

3319

-9.4

3347

-8.7

2916

-12.9

-20.4

Violent Crime

7707

6487

-8.3

6394

-9.7

6221

-12.1

5050

-18.8

-28.6

Burglary

9356

8727

-6.7

8602

-8.1

7845

-16.2

6965

11.2

-25.6

Automobile Theft-

3599

3742

-4.0

3108

-13.6

2328

-35.3

2120

-8.9

-41.2

Larceny larceny

79622

18970

-3.3

19503

-0.6

17281

-11.9

14144

-18.2

-27.9

Property offense

32577

31439

-3.5

31231

-4.2

27454

-15.7

23229

-15.4

-28.7

Entire

39,654

37926

-4.4

37607

-5.2

33675

-15.1

28279

-16.0

-28.7

The above statistics brings to illume more serious but less often committed offenses, such as slaying, colza and aggravated offenses, severally, which could hold been overshadowed by more frequently but less terrible offenses such as Larceny. Aggravated assault for illustration, refers to improper onslaught for the intent of doing terrible hurting which is most of the clip accompanied by agencies likely to ensue to decease while Larceny larceny, ( excludes motor vehicle larceny ) is the illegal pickings, taking or siting off of belongings from the ownership or utile ownership of another person. Such activates as store lifting, larceny of bikes and motor vehicle accoutrements or parts autumn under Larceny offenses. The larceny does non affect usage of force, force or fraud ( University of Memphis and the Memphis Shelby Crime Commission, 2010 ) .

By and large, the statistics indicate show belongings offenses to be high as opposed to violent offenses and a general tend towards a decrease in offense. Property offense includes burglary, Automobile and Larceny larceny, with a sum of 32577 reported offenses in 2006 and 23229 in 2010, which is a 28.7 bead over the clip period. Violent offenses that include slaying, colza, robbery and aggravated assault have besides reduced over the past five old ages. The alteration has been gradual with, for illustration, 89 slayings being reported in 2006, 78 in 2007 and 53 in 2010.

If I were in charge of obtaining work force with a budget that will allow to engage 10 officers which include fact-finding and administrative forces, the offense units that would be given precedence to add more work force harmonizing to the above informations would be aggravated assault and robbery as they are violent offenses hence their consequence are dire as opposed to belongings larceny.

Mephis is included among the most insecure metropoliss in US despite the fact that there have been a batch of attempts and resourced channeled towards cut downing offense. Indeed, Operation Blue ‘s ‘Crime Reduction Using Statistical History ‘ ( Kanaracus, 2010 ) , is a engineering entails usage of function every bit good as statistical informations to aim non merely offense hot musca volitanss but besides condemnable chronic culprit. As such violent condemnable section would deed more work force.

The constabulary section and the section of criminology, at the University of Memphis work together in placing job countries. Before C.R.U.S.H, officers could merely look at offense statistics in each ward or patrol country. However C.R.U.S.H involves usage of engineering to turn up and contract down possible offense countries in procedures referred to as ‘hotspotting ‘ . It is possible for the officers to happen out when and where offenses are most likely to be carried out ( Kanaracus, 2010 )

The bearer option that I see in the instance of Mephis that involvement is one that has to make with offense analysis. There are different sorts of offense analysis including strategic, tactful and administrative offense analysis. A offense analyst usage offense informations in calculating the twenty-four hours, topographic point and clip that a offense is expected to happen and travel on to forestall it from happening. A offense analyst besides communicates the offense spiels to police officers and investigator in order to bring forth efficient jurisprudence enforcement schemes. As such therefore I would be covering with an of import facet of condemnable justness which is offense bar. For case, if it is possible to forestall would be murderer or raper from put to deathing his planned slaying and colza severally.

Crime analysis besides facilitates efficient usage of resources and would wish to be in a place to be portion of a procedure that allows for efficiency and effectivity. Zeroing in on felons, for case those involved in belongings larceny, means that people manus earned money does non stop up in the custodies of undeserving belongings stealers. There is nil that compares to the confidence that one is safe, a fact that condemnable analyst installations in his enterprise to forestall offense.

Tactical offense analysis is of import in that, among other things, it is used to concentrate on offenses that pose an immediate danger to the community a good illustration being colza, slaying and burglary. It besides detects common forms of a peculiar offense by analyzing and associating similar factors including fishy physical description, method and arm used. Information from tactical analysis is disseminated to police offices as lead to forestall suspect from perpetrating a offense.

On the other manus strategic offense analysis is used to set up whether constabulary work force ought to be increased or non while administrative analysis is of import as the studies are used to find whether the bureau demand for illustration more officers or to demand for more budgetary allotment from the authorities ( Investigation and Careers, n.d )

Research indicates a go oning rise in the demand of professional offense analyst. For illustration has risen 10 times in the last 15 old ages for illustration. The business is capable to change in State budget every bit good as Federal grant grants ; nevertheless it is likely to be in increased to public concern as respects offense and safety. Equally as support towards jurisprudence enforcements bureaus is increased, so will be chances for offense analyst. This is good intelligence for those who have a passion in this country and can show the capacity to pull off immense inside informations and do connexions between changing factors. It is besides a field that calls for the ability to efficaciously associate with people as it entails a batch on intercommunication between the sector and investigators, officers, decision makers and authorities functionaries.