General Lee Essay, Research Paper
Robert E. Lee was born on January 19, 1807 in Stafford, Virginia.
The boy of Lighthorse Harry Lee and was educated at the U.S. Military
In 1829 he graduated 2nd in his category having a committee as
2nd lieutenant in 1836 and captain in 1838. He distinguished himself in
the Mexican War and was wounded in the storming of Chapultepec in 1847 ;
for his meritable service he received his 3rd publicity in rank.
He became overseer of the U.S. Military Academy and subsequently
appointed colonel of calvery. He was in bid of the Department of
Texas in 1860 and early the undermentioned twelvemonth was summoned to Washington,
D.C. , when war between the provinces seemed at hand.
President Abraham Lincoln offered him the field of bid of the
Union forces but Lee refused. On April, 20 when Virginia succeeded from
the Union, he submitted his surrender of the U.S. Army.
On April 23 he became commanding officer in head of the military and naval
forces of Virginia. For a twelvemonth he was military advisor to Jefferson Davis,
president of the Confederate States of America, and was so placed in
bid of the Army in northern Virginia.
In February 1865 Lee was made commanding officer in head of all
Confederate ground forcess ; two months subsequently the war was virtually ended by his
resignation to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.
The consummate scheme of Lee was overcome merely by the superior
resources and troop
strength of the Union. His runs are about
universally studied in military schools as theoretical accounts of scheme and tactics, He
had a capacity for expecting the actions of his oppositions and for
groking their failings.
He made adept usage of interior lines of communicating and kept a
convex forepart toward the enemy so that his supports, transportations, and
supplies could make their finish over short, direct paths. His greatest
part to military pattern nevertheless was his usage of field munitions as
AIDSs to maneuvering.
He recognized that a little organic structure of soldiers protected by
intrenchments can keep an enemy force of many times their figure, while
the chief organic structure outflanks the enemy attacks a smaller force elsewhere. In his
application of this rule Lee was old ages in front of his clip ; the maneuver was
non to the full understood or by and large adopted until the twentieth century.
He applied for but was ne’er granted the official postwar amnesty. He
accepted the presidential term of Washington College, now Washington and Lee
University. In the autumn of 1865 within a few old ages it had become and
On October 12, 1870 Lee died at the University and has long been
revered as an ideal by Southerners and as a hero by all Americans. His
antevellum place is now known as Arlington House, the Robert E. Lee
Memorial, and is a national commemoration. In 1975 Lee & # 8217 ; s citizenship was restored
posthumously by an act of the U.S. Congress.