Lockerbie disaster Essay

The determination Scotland will ne’er bury

The Lockerbie catastrophe had dominated the intelligence headlines throughout summer 2009. It is still a enigma to what precisely happened on the 21st December 1988.

This twenty-four hours in December 1988, the universe came in bereavement after Pam Am Flight 103 crashed in the small town of Lockerbie, Scotland. The Jumbo Jet ( You Tube: 2007 ) was to wing from London Heathrow to New York ‘s JFK Airport until the plane exploded 31,000 pess above Lockerbie, killing all 259 riders and air hose crew in the flight plus 11 in the town ( Booth: 2009 ) .

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And to add to the contention, the adult male who believed to hold caused this horrific incident has late been released after “ enduring from terminal prostate malignant neoplastic disease ” ( Trott: 2009 ) .

The Killer

Merely one individual was convicted of the Lockerbie catastrophe – Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi. On January 31st, 2001, he was guilty of “ mass slaying ” and was sentenced to at least 20 old ages in prison. Co-defendant, Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah walked free ( Sunderland: 2001 ) .

However, nine old ages subsequently, after unsuccessful entreaties in the yesteryear ( Anon: 2007 ) , Scotland ‘s Justice Secretary, Kenny MacAskill decided that al-Megrahi will be released. MacAskill told newsmans in Scotland that his determinations were non based on “ any political, economic or diplomatic considerations ” ( Taylor: 2009 ) . In a statement that he published on the twenty-four hours that shocked the universe suggested that he released al-Megrahi due to “ feel for ” evidences ( MacAskill: 2009 ) .

The release meant that al-Megrahi must return to his place state, Libya so he can decease at that place. On the twenty-four hours which MacAskill made his determination, the Libyan took an Afriqiyah Airways Airbus from Glasgow Airport to Tripoli ( Trott: 2009 ) .

Reception

Upon reaching at Tripoli Military Airport, the Libyan ‘s were giving al-Megrahi a hero ‘s welcome. US President, Barack Obama had given Libya a warning beforehand that they must n’t give the Lockerbie bomber a positive response. Obama besides said that to let go of al-Megrahi was a “ error ” and had opened negotiations with Libya over maintaining him under “ house apprehension ” ( Carrell: 2009 ) .

“ We have been in contact with the Scots authorities, bespeaking we objected to this. ” said President Obama. ( Carrell: 2009 )

To add to Obama ‘s feud al-Megrahi met the Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, a twenty-four hours after his reaching. This was besides a twenty-four hours to bury every bit far as the United Kingdom is concerned as Gaddafi praised the likes of Prime Minister, Gordon Brown and Queen Elizabeth for lending to the release of the Lockerbie bomber.

Business secretary, Lord Mandelson was foremost to react stating that claims made by the Libyan leader was “ wholly incorrect ” and “ violative ” ( Beaumont et Al: 2009 ) .

Victims

Abdelbaset al-Megrahi killed 270 people in the Lockerbie bombardment. All 259 were killed on the Pan Am 103 Flight whilst 11 Lockerbie occupant ‘s lives vanished. This has left households and close friends devastated. They still do n’t cognize the existent truth of what truly happened on the 21st December 1988.

Peoples who loved and cherished the victims have dedicated a web site to mark them – “ victimsofpamamflight103.org ” . This website consists of characteristics such as a list of the individuality of each dead individual. There is besides poesy in recollection of the people who had died.

Kara Weipz, the Corresponding Secretary expressed her choler over the release of al-Megrahi. Her older brother, Richard Monetti was on the plane.

“ We are enraged and devastated by the determination by Mr. MacAskill. ” She said ( Weipz: 2009 )

A month after al-Megrahi ‘s controversial release, Libya leader Muammar Gaddafi had visited some of the households who had lost their relations. The visit was “ friendly ” harmonizing to a Lockerbie victim comparative whilst Gaddafi “ offered his commiserations ” to all who died ( Anon: 2009 ) . Weipz did n’t acquire to see him and was non impressed by the leader ‘s actions.

“ I have no impulse to of all time talk with Gaddafi. He is a liquidator and a terrorist ” she announced.

Libya and UK relationship

Many states had criticised Libya for the Lockerbie catastrophe and has been in the limelight since. However, it was ill-defined why Megrahi truly got out of prison. Many people thought that the trade to acquire Megrahi out of prison was oil. Kara Weipz besides agrees with this.

“ I believe they made trades with the Libyans for oil ” she admitted.

Letterss were exchanged between Justice Secretary Jack Straw and Kenny MacAskill two old ages ago. This is been a cardinal determination to let go of the Lockerbie bomber so that the relationship between UK and Libya will hold been restored. This was non denied by Colonel Gaddafi ‘s boy, Saif, but he insists that he did non advert Megrahi ( Allardyce: 2009 ) .

“ The battle to acquire the [ transportation ] trade understanding lasted a long clip and was really political, but I want to do clear that he did n’t advert Mr. Megrahi. “ ( Allardyce: 2009 ) said the 37 twelvemonth old who merely late been appointed the co-ordinator of a grouping of tribal, and concern leaders. It has been told that this assignment will do his the 2nd most powerful figure in the state ( Ghanmi: 2009 ) .

Who else had been blamed for Lockerbie?

The lone state that had been convicted and chiefly pin-pointed was Libya. But, harmonizing to beginnings, other states had been blamed for the Lockerbie catastrophe which has killed so many guiltless people. The likes of Iran, Syria and Palestine have besides been directed at ( Llewellyn: 2001 ) .

Five months before Lockerbie, there was an onslaught on the Persian commercial airliner by the USS Vincennes, an American war vessel ( Allardyce, MacAskill: 2009 ) . Possibly Lockerbie was retaliation? It was besides said that Syria had helped Iran in this ( Llewellyn: 2001 ) . However, this did n’t impact the trail as merely two Libyans were accused of this offense ( Anon: 2000 ) .

What will go on next?

It has been emerged that al-Megrahi will decease really shortly due to his terminal prostate malignant neoplastic disease. The biggest inquiry is ; if he dies, what will go on next? If he is still alive three months ( Trott: 2009 ) after being released from prison, will it be another error by the Scots authorities? The three months are about coming to an terminal and we all wonder about the following obstruction which will make big headlines in the close hereafter.

Word count: 1,014

Bibliography and mentions

* Allardyce, J. , 2009. “ Lockerbie bomber ‘set free for oil ‘ ” . The Sunday Times, [ cyberspace ] 30 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article6814939.ece [ Accessed 18 October 2009 ]

* Allardyce, J. & A ; MacAskill, M. , 2009. “ US undercover agents blamed Iran for Lockerbie bomb ” . The Sunday Times, [ cyberspace ] 16 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article6797773.ece [ Accessed 18 October 2009 ]

* Anon. , 2000. “ Iran blamed for Lockerbie bomb ” . BBC World News, [ cyberspace ] 5 June. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/777589.stm [ Accessed 18 October 2009 ]

* Anon. , 2007. “ News Release ; Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi ” . SCCRC, [ online ] 28 June. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.sccrc.org.uk/ViewFile.aspx? id=293 [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Anon. , 2009. “ Gaddafi in Lockerbie household negotiations ” . BBC News Africa, [ cyberspace ] 26 September. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/8276047.stm [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Beaumont, P. , MacAskill, E. & A ; Watt, N. , 2009. “ Lockerbie rage grows as Gaddafi meets bomber Megrahi ” . The Guardian, [ cyberspace ] 22 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/aug/22/gaddafi-meets-megrahi-lockerbie-bombing [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Carrell, S. , 2009. “ Lockerbie bomber receives hero ‘s welcome in Libya ” , The Guardian, [ cyberspace ] 21 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2009/aug/21/lockerbie-megrahi-libya-return [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Ghanmi, L. , 2009. “ Gaddafi ‘s boy named to take cardinal station ” , The Scotsman, [ cyberspace ] 17 October. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.scotsman.com/world/Gaddafi39s-son-named-to-take.5742462.jp [ Accessed 18 October 2009 ]

* Llewellyn, T. , 2001. “ Libya ; On the Lockerbie finding of fact ” Mid East News, [ cyberspace ] 31 January. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.mideastnews.com/loc002.html [ Accessed 18 October 2009 ]

* Sutherland, Lord. Her Majesty Advocate V Adbelbaset Ali Mohmed Al Megrahi and Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah [ 2001 ] instance no. 1475/99

* MacAskill, K. , 2009. “ Lockerbie determination ” , The Scots Government, [ cyberspace ] 20 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.scotland.gov.uk/News/This-Week/Speeches/Safer-and-stronger/lockerbiedecision [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Taylor, B. , 2009. “ Minister bases by bomber release ” , BBC News Scotland, [ cyberspace ] 24 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/8216897.stm [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Trott, F. , 2009. “ Lockerbie bomber free from gaol ” , BBC News Scotland, [ cyberspace ] 20 August. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/south_of_scotland/8197370.stm [ Accessed 16 October 2009 ]

* Victims of Pan Am Flight 103. 2009. [ Online ] ( Updated daily ) Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.victimsofpanamflight103.org/ [ Accessed 17 October 2009 ]

* Weipz, K. , kweipz_vpaf103 @ verzion.net, 2009. [ VPAF103 ] Lockerbie. [ E-mail ] Message to John Price ( jspworld @ live.co.uk ) . Sent 18 October 2009, 14:32. Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //mail.live.com/default.aspx? wa=wsignin1.0 [ Accessed 20 October ]

* You Tube. 2007. “ Lockerbie BBC Television ” , [ Online ] ( Updated 6 Sept 2007 ) Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=RLOovFTMlBo [ Accessed 16 October 2009 ]