Rulers From Asia Essay Research Paper Rulers

Rulers From Asia Essay, Research Paper

Rulers From Asia

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After the autumn of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt a group of mobile people from Asia invaded and captured Lower Egypt. These people were called the Hyksos. Egypt lacked a standing ground forces and their arms were far inferior to that of the encroachers. The weak swayers of the Thirteenth Dynasty led to an internal battle within the authorities, therefore rending the imperium into many little cabals and go forthing it unfastened to assail. During this clip a group of peoples from Asia immigrated to Egypt and easy began to take-over the now divided authorities. This led to the separation of Upper and Lower Egypt. Though the Egyptians learned many new engineerings, they still did non desire the Hyksos in their lands. The Egyptian Pharaohs vowed to take their ground forcess to recover control of their lands, and expand their imperium. Egypt, holding a series of weak swayers, led to internal combat which weakened the state. Egypt besides had no standing ground forces and its protective boundary lines no longer a menace to encroachers, a group of people from Asia the Hyksos, immigrated to Egypt, utilizing their superior arms they took power and ruled Egypt for about one-hundred and 50 old ages.

The Pre-Dynastic period, pre 3150 BCE was a period of clip when the nomads of Egypt started to settle, go husbandmans and build towns. Around 3150 BCE, Egypt was joined together under the regulation of one Pharaoh, Narmer, who for the first clip in Egypts history ruled both upper and lower Egypt as one. Between the old ages 2700-2190 BCE, referred to as the Old Kingdom or as the Pyramid Age, was a clip in which strong opinion households or dynasties were in power and ruled the land jointly. This was a clip when the building of the Great Pyramids on the Giza Plateau took topographic point, including the Step Pyramid for King Zoser and the three big pyramids for the Kings Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu. With the autumn of the Old Kingdom around 2190 BCE, began a series of five dynasties that were largely weak swayers. This is called the First Intermediate Period

Then in 1991 BCE, the Twelfth dynasty brought order to the convulsion and founded what is now called the Middle Kingdom. During this clip Egypt took over Nubia and began trade with Palestine and Syria in southwest Asia. Besides, this was clip where humanistic disciplines and literature were promoted and flourished. But in the twelvemonth 1786 BCE, the Middle Kingdom ended, go forthing the male monarchs of the following dynasties weak and without a standing ground forces. This allowed for colonists from Asia to take gradual control over Egypt with their new and stronger arms.

The Egyptians had no executable manner of halting the Hyksos from taking control, of the state. Lower Egypt was unable to support themselves because of the combat between Lords and there was no ground forces available to halt the encroachers. In no clip, the Hyksos had taken over all of the delta part, which shrank the part of free Egypt into a little country up towards Nubia ; Egypt? s long clip enemy. Equally good as taking Egypt, they gave a big portion of Egyptian land to Nubia. The major gold bring forthing part of Egypt was now in the custodies of their enemy. The Hyksos were non bad swayers though, taking attention non to upset the day-to-day lives of the Egyptian people. The Hyksos did non coerce their faith upon the people of Egypt ; in fact they began the pattern of idolizing the Egyptian Gods. Set became their primary divinity. Along with these things the Hyksos, if accidentally, brought many new engineerings to Egypt. The wheel, chariot, composite bow, and really significantly, bronze ( a Cu and tin metal ) were introduced.

Regardless of all of the good things from this business, the people of Egypt were non happy with the regulation of a foreign power. The staying people that lived in free Egypt began to develop feelings of unrest towards the Hyksos. After a clip the indignities set upon the Egyptians began to stack up, and the metropolis of Thebes went began to revolt. The Pharaoh Seqenenre was the first in a line of warrior male monarchs that would take the rebellion against the Hyksos.

The run was short lived nevertheless. In 1576 BCE ; Seqenenre was killed by a Hyksos battle-axe while in combat. Though Seqenenre had been killed, the rebellion would go on with his boy Kamose. Kamose was a spirited leader and vowed to his work forces? I will cope with him and rend open his belly, for my desire is to present Egypt and to smite the Asians? ( Dersin p.108 ) . The Asiatics he refers to are the Hyksos, and the 1 he wishes to? cope? with is their male monarch. Kamose so sailed down river and regained Middle Egypt from the Hyksos. It is believed that Kamose was killed during the conflict in recapturing Middle Egypt, but bookmans are diffident of what truly happened. Ahhotep, Kamose? s now widowed female parent ruled in her late boy? s topographic point until Ahmose, the younger brother, could take the throne. Then in 1560 BCE, Ahmose I waged a concluding run against the Hyksos. Finally the Hyksos had been forced out of the lands of Egypt and now Ahmose could sail up river to repossess the lands lost to the Nubians.

Ahmose I brought about the New Kingdom in the twelvemonth 1554 BCE. This was about 150 old ages after the Hyksos invasion. This was besides a clip when Egypt was known to be the universe? s greatest power. With the start of the 18th dynasty, a standing ground forces was created, that used many of the arms and inventions borrowed from the Hyksos. These ground forcess would finally marc

H into and suppress most of sou’-west Asia. Egypt reached the tallness of its power around 1400 BCE, but continued to take runs into Asia and derive control of their adjacent civilisation Nubia. The state of Nubia was valuable in resources every bit good as slaves and other of import trade goods Egypt needed. Because of these many conquerings Egypt became the strongest and richest civilisation in the Mediterranean country. In1367 BCE, the pharaoh Amenhotep IV came to power. He worshiped a Sun God called Aton, who was besides the lone God he worshiped. This made many Egyptians unhappy with his regulation and monotheistic ideals. This sparked the Armarna revolution which ended his regulation. It took his replacement to set down the rebellion. This adult male would go the most widely known swayer in Egypt, King Tutankhamen. The following dynasties would see few jobs. They erected many of the temples to the many different Gods all over the face of Egypt, doing certain to destruct all leftovers of Amenhotep? s reign. Egypt began its last major diminution by the Twentieth dynasty. This diminution was rapid, and would shortly be the terminal of the Egyptians governing themselves because the priests and Lords would fight for power and would one time once more interrupt Egypt into little provinces. This would ask for foreign encroachers. The following 700 old ages of Egypt? s being was ruled chiefly by foreign powers. In 332 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered the Two Lands, which ended the self-government of Egypt by any Egyptian.

The ruin of the Middle Kingdom came about from the blundering of the weak swayers. The Egyptians held no standing ground forces and found themselves vulnerable to the Hyksos high quality of arms and military tactics. The lands of Kemet would be plagued by the encroachers for about one-hundred and 50 old ages until the Egyptian Pharaoh Ahmose I would throw out the Shepard Kings back into Asia.

Outline

Introduction: After the autumn of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt a group of mobile people from Asia invaded and captured Lower Egypt. These people were called the Hyksos. Egypt lacked a standing ground forces and their arms were far inferior to that of the encroachers. The weak swayers of the Thirteenth Dynasty led to an internal battle within the authorities, therefore rending the imperium into many little cabals and go forthing it unfastened to assail. During this clip a group of peoples from Asia immigrated to Egypt and easy began to take-over the now divided authorities. This led to the separation of Upper and Lower Egypt. Though the Egyptians learned many new engineerings, they still did non desire the Hyksos in their lands. The Egyptian Pharaohs vowed to take their ground forcess to recover control of their lands, and expand their imperium. Egypt, holding a series of weak swayers, led to internal combat which weakened the state. Egypt besides had no standing ground forces and its protective boundary lines no longer a menace to encroachers, a group of people from Asia the Hyksos, immigrated to Egypt, utilizing their superior arms they took power and ruled Egypt for about one-hundred and 50 old ages.

I. Egypt

A. Pre-dynastic? pre 3150 BCE

B. Archaic? early dynastic 3150-2700 BCE

C. Old Kingdom? 2700-2190 BCE

D. First Intermediate? 2190-2040 BCE

E. Middle Kingdom? 2040-1674 BCE

F. Second Intermediate? 1674-1552 BCE

G. New Kingdom? 1552-1069 BCE

II. Fall of Middle Kingdom

A. Reasons

1. Seriess of weak swayers

2. Interior contending

3. Lack of standing ground forces

4. Desert no longer an effectual boundary line

B. Weapons

1. Superior-Hyksos

a. Horses

b. Chariots

c. Composite Bow

d. Armour

e. Bronze

2. Inferior-Egypt

a. Simple Bow

1. Acacia wood

2. Range = 200m

B. Spear

c. Ax

d. Lack of armor

III. Second Intermediate Period

C 1674-1552 BCE Hyksos King- Sharek

A. Established capital of Avaris

B. Left Egyptian civilization to boom on its ain

C. Alliance with Nubia

D. Gathered testimonial from Thebian Lords

IV. New Kingdom

A. Ahmose I

1. Drive out Hyksos

2. Regained Nubian Districts

B. Started eighteenth dynasty

Decision: The ruin of the Middle Kingdom came about from the blundering of the weak swayers. The Egyptians held no standing ground forces and found themselves vulnerable to the Hyksos high quality of arms and military tactics. The lands of Kemet would be plagued by the encroachers for about one-hundred and 50 old ages until the Egyptian Pharaoh Ahmose I would throw out the Shepard Kings back into Asia.

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