To Kill A Mickingbird Essay, Research Paper
To Kill a Mockingbird
Nelle Harper Lee used her life as portion of her plot line in To Kill a Mockingbird. Mockingbird won many award like the Pulitzer Prize in 1961. Her narrative was besides turned into an Academy award winning movie and an English drama. To Kill a Mockingbird is a narrative about friendly relationships, racism, and unfairnesss.
ABOUT NELLE HARPER LEE
She was born on April 28, 1926 in Monroeville, Alabama. She studied jurisprudence at the University of Alabama from 1945-1949, and so spent a twelvemonth as an exchange pupil in Oxford University. She so went to New York to prosecute a calling in composing. Lee worked as an Airline reserve clerk with British Overseas Airways and Eastern Air Lines during the 1950s.
She used the Scottsboro incident in 1931 as portion of her plot line about Tom Robinson and Mayella Ewell. Harper Lee was born in a little town like Maycomb. Her Father Amasa Coleman Lee resembles Attticus Finch, her childhood friend ; celebrated novelist and essayist Truman Capote was the inspiration of Dill, and she used names from some of her household members as the names of some of the characters in To Kill a Mockingbird.
SUCCESS OF TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
Harper Lee s merely published novel To Kill a Mockingbird sold over 5th adolescent million transcripts. Her narrative made her celebrated ; but she avoided the limelight by non being interviewed and worsening to compose a movie version of To Kill a Mockingbird. A twelvemonth after Mockingbird was published ; it was turned into an Academy Award winning movie.
On May 29,1961 ; the Alabama Legislature had passed a declaration to compliment Lee on her success. She besides brought consciousness about racism and unfairness. It was besides translated into several linguistic communications. In 1987, Christopher Sergel turned To Kill a Mockingbird into an English Play.
LEE S OTHER WORK & A ; AWARDS
On May 1961, Nelle Harper Lee was the first adult female since 1942 to win the Pulitzer Prize. She besides won the Alabama Library Association Award in 1961 ; it was chosen as a Literary Guild Selection, a Book-of-the-Month book ; and a Reader s Digest condensed book. In June 1966, she was one of two people named by President Johnson to the National Council of Arts. She besides received four honorary doctor’s degrees. She received the first doctor’s degree at the University of Alabama in 1990, In 1997, she received a Doctorate of Humane Letters at Spring Kill College in Mobile, Alabama ; she received two more after that.
Harper Lee ne’er published another novel ; but she did print a few essays and a brief one paragraph forward in the 1995 edition of To Kill a Mockingbird.
Christmas to Me was an essay that appeared in the December 1961 issue of McCall s. Love-In Other Words was an essay that appeared in the April 15,1961 issue of Vogue. Romance and High Adventure was an essay she presented in the 1983 Alabama History and Heritage Festival in Eufaula, Alabama. In 1995, the thirty-fifth day of remembrance of To Kill a Mockingbird, she wrote a one paragraph forward.
MAIN CHARACTERS IN TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
THE FINCH FAMILY
Scout Finch is the six-year-old storyteller of this narrative ; she tells about her life between the ages of six through nine. She has a tomboy personality, she is smarter than most childs her age ; and she believes that all of the people in her community have goodness.
Jeremy Atticus Finch, AKA Jem is Scout s older brother. He is really close and protective of Scout. His personality is reasonably similar to his male parent s.
Atticus Finch is Scout and Jem s male parent. His married woman died when Scout was two. He s a attorney with no sense of wit, he besides believes in justness for everyone, no affair what race they are.
Aunt Alexandria is Atticus s sister. She is a strong-minded classy lady who is devoted to Atticus, Jem, and Scout.
Uncle Jack Finch is Atticus s brother who has a good sense of wit and is good towards Scout and Jem.
Francis Finch is Alexandria s grandson.
THE EWELL FAMILY
Bob Ewell is an un-employed rummy who abused his girl
Mayella Ewell is Bob s Daughter
THE ROBINSON S
Tom Robinson is a sharecrop farmer who was accused of colza.
Helen Robinson is Tom s married woman
OTHER CHARACTERS IN THE STORY
Dill is Scout and Jem s playfellow ; who is confident and has an hyperactive imaginativeness.
Arthur Boo Radley is the Finch s next-door neighbour. He is described as dark & A ; cryptic because he ne’er leaves his house because of an incident a long clip ago.
Calpurina is the Finch s black cook.
Zeebo is Calpurina s boy, who is a refuse aggregator.
Reverend Sykes is the curate at Calpurina s church.
Miss Rachel Haverford is Dill s aunt who is a neighbour of the Finches.
Mr. Underwood is the publishing house of the Maycomb newspaper.
Judge Taylor is the justice in Tom Robinson s test.
Heck Tate is the Sheriff of Maycomb.
Dr. Reynolds is the local physician of Maycomb.
Mr. Gilmer is the prosecuting officer in the test.
Mr. Dolphus Raymond is a rich white cat who lives with a black kept woman of his and some mulatto kids who pretends to be a rummy.
Miss Maudie Atkinson is a neighbour of the Finches in her late mid-fortiess who is liked by all of the childs in Maycomb.
Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose is an old, short- tempered neighbour.
Link Deas is Tom s white employer.
Cecil Jacobs is a schoolmate of Scout s
Walter Cunningham Sr. is a hapless husbandman.
Walter Cunningham Jr. is Scout s schoolmate.
Miss Caroline Fisher & A ; Miss Gates are Scout s instructors.
THE FIRST PART OF TO KILL A MOCKING-
SCOUT S ANCESTORS
In the really get downing she talks about a fur-trader and parttime physician named Simon Finch, who had fled England because he tried to get away spiritual persecution and established a big farm on the Bankss of the Alabama River. The farm where Simon fled to was called Finch s Landing.
DILL- THEIR NEW PLAYMATE
In chapter 1 they met Dill in the summer clip. Every autumn he moves with his ma and in the summer clip he lives in Maycomb.
He created Scout & A ; Jem s captivation with Boo Radley.
THEIR Fascination WITH BOO ARTHUR RADLEY
Dill wanted to see what Boo looked like. Ever since he heard about the vicinity fable about Boo. Peoples thought Boo was an insane individual who ate natural squirrels & A ; cats.
SCOUT S 1ST DAY OF SCHOOL
She had a difficult clip seting to school because she is smarter than all of the others pupils and her instructor Miss Caroline Fisher gave her a difficult T
ime because Atticus taught her how to read early.
SCOUT S NEW FRIEND MISS MAUDIE ATKINSON
Jem and Dill grew closer ; and Scout felt left out so she was friends with her neighbour Miss Maudie Atkinson. She told scout the truth about Boo.
THE Truth ABOUT BOO
What happened is when Boo was a male child ; he was in problem with the jurisprudence. For penalty his male parent imprisoned him in his house. Boo wasn t heard of, until 15 old ages subsequently when he stabbed his male parent with scissors. His male parent didn T want him committed to an refuge ; but when his male parent died ; Nathan lived with him. The lone thing incorrect with him ; is that he s retarded and has no friends.
WHEN MISS MAUDIE S HOUSE WAS ON FIRE
Towards the in-between portion of the narrative in the wintertime, Miss Maudie s house was on fire. During the fire, person draped a towel over Scout ; she subsequently found out that it was Boo.
GIFTS FROM BOO
For the past few old ages, Jem and Scout found small nowadayss like gum, coins, balls stuck in a knothole in a Oak tree. Subsequently on in the narrative, they figured it was Boo who gave them the gifts.
ATTICUS FINCH TOOK TOM ROBINSON S CASE
Atticus took a instance of a black sharecrop farmer named Tom Robinson ; who was accused of ravishing Mayella Ewell. Tom told Atticus what happened in the dark in inquiry. He said that she came on to him and her male parent Bob caught them and said that she was a prostitute & A ; he shall kill her and Tom fled.
SCOUT S CHRISTMAS AT FINCH S LANDING
Atticus, Scout and Jem went to Finch s Landing to hold dinner with their household. Francis made merriment of Dill & A ; he called Atticus a n-word lover. That statement made Scout mad, so she fought him and got in problem.
JEM S PUNISHMENT
Jaish-i-mohammed lost his pique when Mrs. Dubose said that Atticus in non any better than the N-word and rubbish he works for. So Jem took a wand and destroyed all of her camelia shrubs. His penalty was to read to her for a month.
A month after his penalty was over ; Mrs. Dubose died, due to her morphine dependence. She left in a will, that Jem gets a individual white camelia.
THE 2ND Part OF TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
WHY DILL RAN AWAY
On the 3rd summer, Dill s female parent got remarried and supposed to travel to a town called Meridian forever ; but Dill didn T like his stepfather so he ran off to Maycomb. Scout found him underneath her bed. Dill stayed at the Finch s for a piece.
TOM ROBINSON S TRIAL
Before Tom s test began, a rabble was looking for Tom so they could lynch him. They confronted Attitus ; Scout recognized one of the members as Walter Cunningham Sr. the male parent of one of her schoolmates. She told him to state Walter that she said hello. Her artlessness ashamed the rabble and they went off.
Heck Tate told Atticus that Tom does hold a opportunity because all of the jury members are white. Tom was moved to another prison 70 stat mis off for his protection until the test begins.
HECK TATE S TESTIMONY
Heck cheapness described the bruised he saw on Mayella Ewell.
BOB EWELL S TESTIMONY
Bob Ewell took the base and accused Tom of ravishing her ; but he knew Tom was artlessness and the contusions came from him.
MAYELLA EWELL S TESTIMONY
Atticus attempts to set up that her male parent gave her the contusions and Tom didn t colza her. And that she tried to score him.
LINK DEAS S TESTIMONY
Tom s white employer took the base and defended him.
TOM ROBINSON S TESTIMONY
Tom took the base and said that Mayella kissed him, her male parent saw what go on and name her a prostitute and that he shall kill her and he fled. The people in the courtroom didn T like when Tom said that he felt sorry for Mayella ; because they thought that he thinks he s better than white people.
Even though Atticus proved that Bob abused his girl ; the jury gave Tom a guilty finding of fact.
TOM S DEATH
Tom didn t believe he could acquire a forgiveness, so he escaped prison. He was subsequently found and shot down.
SCOUT & A ; JEM S ATTACK
Bob Ewell vowed to acquire back at Atticus. One dark after Scout s Halloween Pageant, Bob sneaked behind them & A ; attacked them with a knife. But Boo Radley came to the deliverance and killed Bob in self-defence.
BOB EWELL S DEATH
Atticus thought Jem killed him, but they found out it was Boo. Heck Tate told Atticus to fault Bob for his ain decease because Boo went through sufficiency.
Quotation marks FROM TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
Top TEN QUOTES FROM TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
You ne’er truly understand a individual until you consider things from his point of view..until you climb into his tegument and walk about in it. A quotation mark that Atticus said to Scout.
Because if I didn t, Atticus replied, I couldn t keep my caput up. A quotation mark about how Atticus is explicating to Scout on why he s supporting Tom.
Let the dead bury the dead, said Heck Tate. He said that because Tom died for no ground because of Bob ; who is now dead.
Mr. Finch, there s merely some sort of work forces you have to hit before you can state hidy to `em. Even so, they ain t worth the slug it takes to hit `em. Ewell as one of `em.
Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I foremost knew it Somehow, it was hotter then..People moved easy so. A quotation mark from Lookout on her position of Maycomb in Chapter 1.
But there is one manner in this state in which all work forces are created equal- there is one human establishment that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid adult male the equal of an Einstein, and the nescient adult male the equal O any college president. That establishment, gentlemen, is a tribunal. It can be the Supreme Court of The United States of the humblest J.P. tribunal in the land, or this honest tribunal, which you serve. Our tribunals have their mistakes, as does any human establishment, but in this state our tribunals are the great levellers, and in our tribunals all work forces are created equal.
Mockingbirds Don T do one thing but make music for us to bask. They don t eat up people s gardens don t nest in corncribs ; they don t do one thing but sing their Black Marias out or us. That s why it s a wickedness to kill a Mockingbird.
It s non that which does non kill you will merely do you stronger, it s that which does non kill you does non kill you. Rejoice. A quotation mark from Lee about implacability.
Peoples are people anyplace you put them. A quotation mark from Lee s interview about Mockingbird. She was seeking to take a firm stand that this narrative was non based on her childhood.
Mockingbird she writes, still says what it has to state ; it has managed to last the old ages without preamble. A quotation mark from a one paragraph forward in her book in 1993