Writing: An Art or Trade
1.1Writing as Craft
1.2Writing as an Art
1.3Writing as both art and trade
1.4How to compose when you think you can’t?
1.7Suggested Further Reading
- Writing: AN ART OR CRAFT
This lesson will assist you to understand whether authorship is an art or a trade? The work of a author ; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet ( particularly when considered from the point of position of manner and consequence ) is composing, this chapter will assist to look into the qualities of a author and who all can compose or what accomplishments are to be developed to compose good.
Writing is defined as a signifier of ocular communicating that uses marks or symbols associated by convention with units of linguistic communication i.e. significances or sounds that are recorded on stuffs such as paper, rock, or clay. Let’s trace the development of composing since get downing. Pictography which means showing words and thoughts through drawings is considered as ascendant of composing. Pictography led to the development of logography, in which symbols stand for single words which farther developed phonographic systems. In this system symbols associated with a word besides stood for similar- or identical-sounding words. This farther led to the development of alphabets, words, sentences and paragraphs in short authorship.
Writing is portable and lasting therefore it can be recorded and displayed as and when required. It makes your believing seeable. It helps to present facts, illations and sentiments. It besides demonstrates the rational flexibleness and adulthood of a individual. Writing thoughts down conserves them so that you can reflect upon them subsequently.
Reading makes a full adult male ; conference a ready adult male ; and composing an exact adult male.
– Francis Bacon
The Oxford Dictionary defines‘writing’ as ‘the activity or business of composing text for publication’.
Merriam Webster dictionary defines‘writing’ as ‘act of bring forthing written composings consisting of letters or characters that serve as seeable marks of thoughts, words, or symbols’ .
Writing is the primary footing upon which one’s work, one’s acquisition, and one’s mind is judged—in college, in the workplace, and in the community. Writing expresses and brings out who we are. Writing is portable and lasting therefore it can be recorded and displayed as and when required. It makes your believing seeable. It helps to present facts, illations and sentiments. It besides demonstrates the rational flexibleness and adulthood of a individual. Writing thoughts down conserves them so that you can reflect upon
‘In my composing I am moving as a map shaper, an adventurer of psychic countries, a astronaut of interior infinite, and I see no point in researching countries that have already been exhaustively surveyed’ – William S. Burroughs
- Writing as a Trade
Let us foremost understand what is a trade? A trade is defined as an activity affecting accomplishment in doing things by manus. It is a accomplishment which involves practical art and is frequently used to depict the household of artistic patterns. Princeton Wordnet describes trade as‘the skilled pattern of a practical occupation’ .It’s a trade, with accomplishments that can be learned, refined and passed on.
Trades practiced by independent creative persons working entirely or in little groups are frequently referred to as studio trade. Studio trade includes studio clayware, metal work, weaving, wood turning and other signifiers of wood working, glass blowing, and glass art. A trade carnival is an organized event to expose trades by a figure of exhibitioners. Folk art follows trade traditions, in contrast to ticket art or “high art” .
Merely as a musician surveies musical theory and a woodsman surveies wood and tools, authors study ways to better their trade. The author besides surveies how to compose intelligence narratives, characteristics, articles or columns. The basic regulations remain same that he can follow to compose adept piece or composing a novel or a specialised communicating.
It takes accomplishment to make a piece of composing one word after another and one sentence after another. It takes accomplishment to set the green goods a cohesive whole. Skill is required to paint a verbal image or make a peculiar ambiance. In order to follow or to flex the regulations, the author must foremost cognize what those regulations are. Some of the regulations deal with grammar. Other regulations outline manner.
1.2 Writing as an Art:
The things that touch us, that move us emotionally, many of these could be pieces of authorship. Even if these are 100s of old ages old, they still have the power to convey forth a powerful response. The Art of Writing
Writing as an art is ideally an open-ended medium of look intended either as a more permanent signifier of communicating, a lingering personal interaction, or as a compendious means to convey thoughts and feelings to others, now and in the hereafter. As an art signifier, it requires motive ( a ground to really travel to the problem ) , a installation with words ( word smithing, i.e. the coppice shots of composing ) , a elan of creativeness, and merely adequate ascription ( and/or plagiarism ) to add spice and to propose to the reader that the writer really reads the plants of other writers!
However, some of those same qualities besides contribute to the artistic nature of authorship. Traveling back to WorldNet, we see that art involves ‘the creative activity of beautiful or important things’ . Painting a image or making an ambiance is every bit much artistic as it is adept.
When we think about the things that move us, that stir us emotionally, many of these are pieces of authorship. Even if these are 100s of old ages old, they still have the power to arouse a powerful, even splanchnic response.
Think of any of Shakespeare’s sonnets, the Declaration of Independence, Martin Luther King’s ‘I Have A Dream’ address. Those words are no less powerful today than the twenty-four hours they were foremost heard – and there are 100s of similar illustrations. Some are beautiful, some are important, some are both ; all are art.
Highly valuable to the new author is the inclusion of a peculiar attitude whenever the author shows the terminal consequence to others. If the truth be known, a intimation of haughtiness is frequently a critical personality feature of a author, every bit good as a carefree attitude and/or any of several extra selected signifiers of both functional and dysfunctional personalities. It is of import to retrieve that such literary leading lights as Ernest Hemingway, Eugene O’Neill, John Steinbeck, and Sinclair Lewis were all certified alkies. ( And we have n’t even begun to speak about the literary equivalents of Vincent Van Gogh. ) In consequence, you do n’t hold to be brainsick to compose, but it helps. As Douglas Adams has pointed out:
“First of all, realize that it ‘s really difficult, and that authorship is a gruelling and alone concern and, unless you are highly lucky, severely paid every bit good. You had better truly, truly, truly desire to make it. Next you have to compose something. Unless you are committed to novel composing entirely, I suggest you start out composing for wireless. It ‘s still a comparatively easy medium to acquire into because it pays so severely. But it is a great medium for authors because it relies so much on the imagination.”
The best authorship frequently occurs merely when the non composing is more problem than the authorship. Whether it ‘s a affair of relieving an internal force per unit area to blow off steam or merely some endeavoring demand to pass on one ‘s ideas in a ocular signifier, the motivational facet of composing becomes a minor obstruction while the emotional content becomes the spirit of the piece and the frost on the bar. In fact, an writer ‘s emotional province is frequently crystalline in the composing regardless of the existent words and how they are strung together. The state-of-mood of the writer frequently comes through loud and clear.
But composing is more than merely blowing off steam ; it is besides a agency of planing one ‘s hereafter, of making world in a really personal mode. It is an avowal, in the sense used by Evan Hodkins where he has defined an “affirmation” as “an assignment with one ‘s future self.” In the same manner, authors frequently see great simplifications and insightful visions of what might be in a more perfect universe — something which they really create in the signifier of a written description. As Kurt Vonnegut has noted:
“ Artists are people who say, ‘I ca n’t repair my state or my province or my metropolis, or even my matrimony. But by golly, I can do this square of canvas, this eight-and-a-half-by-eleven piece of paper, or this ball of clay, or these twelve bars of music, precisely what they ought to be.” Motivation in authorship is therefore frequently a agencies of relieving the defeat of seeing what others seemingly do n’t see, solutions that are so simple if lone others would open their eyes and see the blindingly obvious! [ How ‘s that for a unusual apposition of words? ] . The authorship is frequently to convert them of merely this fact, and therefore
one writes it all down in a craft and convincing manner, showing thoughts which solve the universe ‘s jobs and necessitate merely that person gives up their Boorish thought in order to understand. Structurally, composing consists of the basic accomplishments of set uping words and ideas in a semi-permanent signifier for the benefit of others. “ … a dashing blend of perfectionism and a panic of neglecting in his pursuit, as he liked to give voice it, ‘a hundred 1000 words in a craft order’.” [ Douglas Adams ] Writing can ever be therapy, amour propre, and/or egotistical in the extreme. But when others benefit more than the writer, so it ‘s the art signifier of authorship — it ‘s the ground for all of the dither.
1.3 Writing as both Art and Craft
Musicians can non show their art without larning to play foremost ( i.e. music is an art, but practising is non — even though the content is the same in both ) . Painters can non make a beautiful image before cognizing how to paint. And authors can non compose before larning a linguistic communication ( and all the things listed in your station ) . Every art has a larning facet to it, and this is the trade. I ‘m non differing with you ; in fact, I ‘m 100 % holding. Writing is both an art and a trade, but it merely seems to me there is no manner to extinguish the trade from art. Good authorship is both a art and trade, because it needs some basic accomplishments and inspiration.
Art is the kernel of that originality and the power of the terminal consequence. Craft is executing utilizing the tools of the trade: a great hook, a compelling set-up, a secret plan point that grabs the reader by the pharynx, resistless bets, brilliant tenseness and elegant expounding, blinding turns and heart-wrenching character discharge, and a denouement that goes down like a smooth southern drink on a steaming summer dark under a full Moon. In sports they say you can’t coach velocity, and the same can be said of the art of storytelling. But it can be learned, and the expression for that is this: read, write, repetition, read, write, repetition.
The art of storytelling is an aesthetic esthesia that evolves with volatile timing, and you have to trail it down and so keep on until the whistle blows. As for trade, the expression is much more precise: set-up, secret plan point, response, proactive chase, concluding turn, altruistic gallantry and sarcasm. It is a subject that you’ll embracing before you write a successful, publishable narrative, whether it be through find as you write bill of exchanges or through narrative architecture that you create as a roadmap for your narrative.
In the terminal, if you do it right, the reader will ne’er cognize the difference between your art and your trade merely like that first bite of something succulent prepared by the manus of a maestro chef. It merely takes you at that place, without a intimation of formula, and every bit dependent upon both the art and the trade of the Godhead.
1.4How to compose when you think you CAN’T?
Its common that most of us experience butterflies in our tummy, dying, baffled, lack words looks or wholly travel clean whenever we are asked to compose something. You get panicked at the sight of the clean page and say you have a authorship phobic disorder. Too frequently we sit down to compose and gaze at a clean page or computing machine screen. Or we try to get down
composing a first bill of exchange straightaway. It takes us ages because we try to do it perfect before we have even planned it.
So the inquiry arises that how to acquire started? Get downing off with some thought tools encourages and unlocks your originative and original thoughts, helps with be aftering your piece of authorship. Here are some thoughts:
- Think, talk and read about your subject before you even try a first bill of exchange.
- Make a bunch exercising.
- Use free authorship, particularly to acquire you started. It is a believing tool.
- Read through the ideas and tips on composing that come subsequently in this toolkit.
- Think, talk and read: It helps to concentrate your ideas and speeds up the authorship procedure if you allocate clip before you start composing to believe about it, read on your and speak to other people about what you have to compose. It is an of import portion of the authorship procedure because it creates fertile land for when you come to compose your first bill of exchange. You will happen ideas come faster, stronger, and with more assurance.
- Transport a little notebook with you: Notice the universe around you. If something gimmicks your attending, jot down a few words to depict it. These jottings don’t have to be profound or even good thought out. Simply compose down a few of your feelings and seek to appeal to more than one sense. This activity makes it easy for you to reassign your ideas to paper, a job many manque authors experience. If you’re so inclined, you might liberate compose about the topic later or do the topic into a verse form.
- Experiment with constellating: There’s a subject and you don’t cognize where to get down. Solution is simple – acquire a field sheet compose your subject in center of sheet, write words that are related to your subject, and circle them. Make your bunch colourful. Widen your bunch by adding words that are related to the words you wrote. Make your bunch as long or every bit short as you want to.
- Free authorship: What is free composing? Free authorship is private authorship. It is composing for 1s ain ego. One tends to disregard spelling and grammatical mistakes at this phase.
It is a tool that one uses at the beginning of composing procedure, and at points redacting concerns as one forge the nexus between believing and composing. It has many utilizations as when composing for yourself, it helps you to construct assurance, unlock creativeness, acquire rid of your internal censor and editor, capture your first ideas, acquire a flow traveling, and take authorship blocks. It offers your mastermind a opportunity to see. Surprisingly nevertheless, to utilize free authorship to its best consequence, you need to follow some regulations!
Rules for Free Writing
1. Keep your manus traveling. ( Don’t intermission to reread the line you have merely written. That’s procrastinating and seeking to acquire control of what you’re stating. )
2. Don’t cross out. ( That is redacting as you write. Even if you write something you didn’t intend to compose, go forth it. )
3. Don’t worry about spelling, punctuation, grammar. ( Don’t even care about remaining within the borders and lines on the page. )
4. Lose control.
5. Don’t think. Don’t acquire logical.
6. Travel for the jugular. ( If something comes up in your authorship that is chilling or bare, dive right into it. It likely has tonss of energy. )
Now the following inquiry that comes to our head is What makes a good author? One might
ponder over inquiries like:
- Does he hold inborn endowment?
- Has he spent old ages taking English and humanistic disciplines categories?
- Has an artistic nature?
- Has found his Muse or divine inspiration?
The truth is that anyone can larn the art of authorship, anytime in life, anyplace!
A good author is good because –
- He has something to state.
- His thought is logical and clear.
- He has learnt the manner of authorship and practised manifold.
What can one make to go a author?
- Read, wage attending, and imitate.
- Let travel of “academic” composing wonts ( deprogramming measure! )
- Talk about your research before seeking to compose about it
- Develop a synonym finder wont. Search for the right word instead than settling for any old word.
- Respect your audience—try non to tire them!
- Stop waiting for “inspiration.”
- Accept that authorship is difficult for everyone but practise can do it easy.
- Revise. Cipher gets it hone on the first attempt.
- Learn how to cut ruthlessly. Never go excessively affiliated to your words.
- Find a good editor or larn the regulations of redacting and practise daily.
Principles of Good authorship –
- Clear composing starts with clear thought.
- Before you start composing, ask: “What am I seeking to state? ”
- When you finish composing, ask: “Have I said it? ”
- Once you know what you’re seeking to state, so pay attending to your words!
- Strip your sentences to merely the words that tell.
“The secret of good authorship is to deprive every sentence to its cleanest constituents. Every word that serves no map, every long word that could be a short word, every adverb that carries the same significance that’s already in the verb, every inactive building that leaves the reader unsure of who is making what—these are the thousand and one adulterators that weaken the strength of a sentence. And they normally occur in proportion to the instruction and rank.”
— William Zinsser in On Writing Well, 1976